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Periyar National Park

Periyar National Park, also known as Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, is a beautiful wildlife destination located in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India. The park covers an area of 925 square kilometers and is named after the Periyar River, which flows through the park.

The park is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna and is a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers from around the world.

Periyar National Park was established in 1950 as a wildlife sanctuary and was later elevated to a national park in 1982. The park is managed by the Kerala Forest Department and is known for its conservation efforts and sustainable tourism practices.

The park is named after the Periyar River, which is the lifeblood of the park and provides a natural habitat for a variety of animals and birds.

Periyar National Park is situated in the Western Ghats, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its biodiversity and natural beauty. The park is dominated by the Periyar River, which flows through the park and provides a natural habitat for a variety of animals and birds.

The terrain of the park is varied, with hills, valleys, and evergreen forests. The park is situated at an altitude of 900 to 1800 meters above sea level and has a tropical climate.

Flora and Fauna

Periyar National Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The park is covered with evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and has several grasslands, which provide a natural habitat for a variety of animals and birds.

The park is best known for its population of elephants, but it is also home to several other species such as tigers, leopards, wild boars, sambar deer, barking deer, and langurs.

Apart from these, the park is also home to over 260 species of birds, including the great hornbill, the Malabar grey hornbill, the Nilgiri wood pigeon, and the blue-winged parakeet.

Tourist Attractions

  • Boat Safari: The park offers a unique boat safari on the Periyar River, which is a great way to explore the park and spot wildlife.
  • Elephant Safari: The park also offers elephant safaris, which are a popular way to explore the park and spot the elephants.
  • Periyar Tiger Trail: The Periyar Tiger Trail is a unique trekking experience that takes visitors deep into the park’s wilderness.
  • Bamboo Rafting: Bamboo rafting is another popular activity in the park, which allows visitors to explore the park’s waterways and spot wildlife from a different perspective.
  • Tribal Village Tour: The park also offers a tour of the tribal villages near the park, which is a great way to learn about the local culture and traditions.

Tips for Visiting

  • Dress appropriately: It is recommended to wear light, comfortable clothes and carry a hat or sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun.
  • Hire a Guide: It is highly recommended to hire an experienced guide who can help you navigate the park and spot the wildlife.
  • Follow the Park’s Rules and Regulations: The park has strict rules and regulations that visitors must follow to ensure the safety of both themselves and the wildlife.
  • Carry essential items: It is important to carry essential items such as water, snacks, binoculars, a camera, and insect repellent.
  • Respect the Wildlife: Visitors must respect the wildlife and maintain a safe distance from the animals. Feeding the animals or trying to touch them is strictly prohibited.
  • Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit Periyar National Park is from October to June when the weather is pleasant, and the wildlife is active.


Periyar National Park is a beautiful wildlife destination in India that offers visitors an opportunity to experience the natural beauty of the Western Ghats and spot some of the most magnificent wildlife species.

From elephants to tigers, the park’s diverse flora and fauna provide an unforgettable experience for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

The park’s history, geography, and tourist attractions make it a must-visit destination for anyone visiting Kerala, India.

With several safari options and a variety of other attractions, there is something for everyone in Periyar National Park. However, visitors must ensure that they follow the park’s rules and regulations and take necessary precautions to ensure the safety of both themselves and the wildlife.

Periyar National Park is a perfect destination for those looking for a serene and peaceful escape from the hustle of the city. The park offers a glimpse into the natural beauty of India and is a testament to the country’s commitment to preserving its wildlife and natural habitats.

If you’re planning a trip to Kerala, be sure to add Periyar National Park to your itinerary for an unforgettable wildlife experience.

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